Vasectomy reversal and infertility doctor near Dallas, TX explains the male reproductive system
Dr. Jeffrey Buch at Legacy Male Health Institute, conveniently located in the Dallas, TX area, has dedicated his career to men’s reproductive health. He focuses on vasectomy reversals, male infertility, sperm cryopreservation, sexual dysfunction, and other issues related to male reproductive health. Here, he explains the male reproductive system so patients can better understand how male anatomy contributes to sexual health and reproduction and where problems such as infertility and sexual dysfunction can arise.
Male reproductive system organs
The following organs make up the male reproductive system. Each organ has a unique purpose, but all the organs work together to contribute to your sexual and reproductive health. If there is an issue with one or more of the organs, it can result in issues such as erectile dysfunction, infertility, or other male health issues.
- Anus: The anus is the opening at the very end of your digestive system that opens and closes to allow your bowel contents to leave your body. It consists of two ring-shaped muscles, called sphincters, that control when it opens and closes.
- Bladder: The bladder is a hollow, roundish organ that is attached to the pelvic bones and other organs. The purpose of the bladder is to hold urine after it is processed in your kidneys. It expands to accommodate and store urine, and then contracts when you empty your bladder.
- Epididymis: This is the tube that connects the testicles to the vas deferens. It is highly coiled and is approximately six to seven meters long in adult males. When sperm start to travel through the epididymis from the vas deferens, they are not yet fully developed and cannot swim or fertilize an egg. Traveling through the epididymis takes approximately 2-3 days in male humans, and during this time, they mature so they can swim and eventually fertilize an egg.
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- Penis: The penis is the primary external male reproductive organ and is used to inseminate the female. The penis has two main parts: the shaft and the glans. The shaft is where the urethra is housed, which eliminates urine, and the corpora cavernosa are also located in the shaft, which are the cylinders that fill to create an erection. The glans is the head of the penis. Human males are also born with a foreskin that covers the tip of the penis, which is removed surgically in some boys through a process called circumcision.
- Prostate Gland: This gland is approximately the size of a walnut and is part muscle, part gland. It envelops the neck of the urethra and the bladder and has ducts that open into the urethra. The prostate secretes an alkaline fluid that contributes to seminal fluid, which is what sperm travel in when ejaculation occurs.
- Rectum: The rectum is part of the gastrointestinal system. It is the lower portion of the large intestine and connects to the anus.
- Scrotum: The scrotum is the sac that holds the testicles. Testicles need to be at a lower temperature than the inside of the body, so the scrotum protects them by keeping them at the proper, cooler temperature.
- Seminal Vesicles: These are sac-like glands behind the bladder that are connected to the prostate. They produce 90 percent of the contents of seminal fluid, which carries sperm during ejaculation.
- Testes (also called Testicles): The testes are the organs that produce sperm, which fertilize a female egg during reproduction, and testosterone, an important male sex hormone that is responsible for male development, maturation, and sexual desire.
- Urethra: The urethra is the tube that urine and semen flow through. It is located in the penis.
- Vas deferens: A pair of tubes that connect the epididymis through the prostate to the urethra. They are responsible for delivering sperm into the urethra to ejaculation.
Schedule an appointment at Legacy Male Health
If you are seeking a vasectomy reversal or have other male reproductive health issues such as infertility or sexual dysfunction, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with Dr. Jeffrey Buch at Legacy Male Health in Frisco, TX to discuss your options. Dr. Buch provides the highest level of care, comfort, and professionalism and can evaluate your symptoms and goals to recommend procedures or therapies for your specific needs. He will also explain the male anatomy related to your issue so you understand the underlying cause and why the recommended treatment will work.